Yucca is a genus of about 49 species and 24 subspecies of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae. These plants are identified by tough, sword shaped leaves and white flowers. Yucca plants are native to hot and dry regions of North America, Central America, South American and the Caribbean. These plants are commonly know as ghosts in the graveyard in the midwest United States. Yucca plant can be found in rocky deserts and badlands, in prairies, grassland, mountains, light woodland, coastal sands, subtropical and in temperate zones.
Yuccas are pollinated by yucca moths which are insects that transfer the pollen from the stamens of one plant to the stigma of another plant. These plants are commonly planted as ornamental plants in gardens and landscapes. Yucca plant has edible parts including seeds, fruits, flowers, flowering stems and some parts of roots. Roots of Yucca plant is used as a shampoo in Native American rituals. Dried Yucca leaves are used in starting fires. In Appalachian region, Yucca plant leaves are used as meat hangers to hang meat for salt curing or to smoke meat. These plants are widely planted as landscape plants in the western United States.
Most Yucca species are heat and cold tolerant and require little care and low water. Yucca plants are attractive and unique. They offer a dramatic accent to any landscape. Yucca species are protected by law in some states. A permit is required for wild collection. Yucca flower is the state flower of New Mexico. There are 122 Yucca hybrids which were created by Carl Ludwig Sprenger in the years from 1897 to 1907. Yucca plant is a well known plant which can be either indoor or outdoor plant. Yucca plants can grow really tall if not pruned reguraly. Pruning is really easy. Trunk should be cut in half. Pruning Yucca plants will result in a more bushier and fuller plant. Propagation is done by using the trunk that you have cut when pruning and plant the trunk in potting soil. The soil must be moist and well drained.
Yucca plants bloom from the middle of summer through autumn. It produces white flowers. Yuccas are also known as Soapweed, SPanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet and Adam’s needle. They are identified and well known for its razor sharp leaves that can easily hurt people and animals. For that reasons, it is not recommended to plant Yucca plants in gardens if you have small children or pets. Yuccas are hardy perennials. The grow from 12 to 120 inches depending on the species. The foliage is evergreen with rosettes and sword like sharp leaves.
Yucca plants give off soap like fraganance. They thrive best in zones 3 to 10. Yuccas are hardy plants that are really easy to grow, prune and propagate. Some of the best known Yucca types include Banana Yucca, Yucca faxoniana, Yucca glauca, Yucca pallida, Yucca rigida, Yucca rostrata, Yucca rupicola and Yucca schidigera which is also known as Mojave Yucca.